The heart, lung, and spinal cord anatomy of the feral hog is widely misunderstood.
This article deals with the anatomy and placement of the vitals of the wild boar. GRAPHIC PHOTOS are used to illustrate the location of the heart, lungs, and spinal cord so hunters can better understand the proper KILL ZONE
It is widely understood or rather miss-understood that a wild boar is some sort of super armored beast that is almost impossible to kill. Amazing campfire stories are told and repeated of how well placed shots on the beast fail to bring them down. It's not that the animals are so tough, rather, the kill zone is so small!
I have seen artistic drawings of HOG ANATOMY and not once have they been correct. At best some of them were terribly misleading.
The photos below will reveal in GRAPHIC DETAIL, the exact location of the VITALS and will illustrate how small the heart/lung cavity actually is. Also it will illustrate the location of the spine which runs MUCH LOWER through the shoulder section than many hunters may realize!
I also want to point out how far forward the PUANCH or the LIVER, STOMACH and INTESTINES are actually located. TAKE A CLOSE look at the final photo! You can see the Paunch is all the way up to the lower
shoulder and actually rests against the heart. So the popular belief of placing a shot "BEHIND THE SHOULDER" will generally do nothing more than rupture intestines and liver. This shot will leave a mortally wounded hog running for hundreds of yards. The blood trail will usually end at around 100 yards as the entry wound plugs up. Although the hog will die, they are rarely recovered. Then another story is born of the BULLET PROOF beast. FACT REMAINS,, any decent caliber from a rifle with a decent load placed in the heart, lung, or spinal column will dispatch the biggest boar in very short order.
The TRICK is knowing the PROPER KILL ZONE of the wild boar.
Registering a DRT (Dead Right There)kill shot on even the biggest of hogs is not that difficult with an acceptable caliber and bullet. I'm not here to debate calibers or bullets in this article. If you need advice on what is an acceptable caliber for hogs please visit my forums and do a search for such. I will adddress what has to be the most debated caliber. The 223 (5.6), the simple answer is, NO, untill the dreaded "IF" factor is thrown in. "IF" is not intended to over-rule common sense.
Please keep in mind the photos bellow are of a dead hog laying on a flat surface. It makes the top front leg appear to be more forward than it really is,, as if it were slightly quartering away.
VIDEO ILLUSTRATION OF AFFECTIVE SHOT PLACEMENT|
3 HOGS IN ONE SHOT
7mm Rem Mag with 150 BARNES X
Watch carefully, 3 hogs will fall like dominoes. 2 get up and run.
- 160 lb boar. !DRT!
SPINE, Double Lung
- 160 lb sow
Double Lung, runs left 40 yards
- 130 lb sow
Double Lung, runs right 60 yards
|PHOTO ILLUSTRATION | WILD BOAR KILL ZONE
PHOTO OF A 70 POUND MALE FERAL SWINE
PHOTO OF THE SKINNED HOG!
THIS PHOTO REVEALS THE RIB CAGE AND THE BONED OUT FRONT LEG. THE SHOULDER PLATE IS ERECT AND NOT SLANTED AS MANY ARTISITIC PHOTOS MAY DEPICT IT. THE SHOULDER PLATE AND MUSCLE WILL COVER 85%
OR MORE OF THE HEART AND LUNGS ON A STANDING BROADSIDE HOG.
THIS PHOTO ILLUSTRATES THE EXACT PLACEMENT OF THE HEART AND LUNGS of a FERAL HOG AS WELL AS DEPICTING THE LOW DIP IN THE SPINAL COLUMN.
AS YOU CAN SEE THE CAVITY AREA IS ONLY SLIGHTLY LARGER THAN THE HAND OF MY 13 YR OLD SON, WHO SHOT THE HOG. THE LARGE ARTERIES FROM THE LUNGS AND HEART ARE SEEN PLAINLY IN THE
THE SMALL HEART LUNG CAVITY of a FERAL HOG REVEALED. ALSO ILLUSTRTED IS THE PAUNCH AREA EXTENDING WELL UP TO THE SHOULDER AREA. SO PLACING A SHOT BEHIND THE SHOULDER INTO THE RIB CAGE WILL NOT HIT THE HEART
LUNG AREA (PUMP STATION)! SHOTS MUST BE PLACED INTO THE MID SHOULDER REGION OR NECK (neck shot is only for high powered rifles. The most deadly shot with a broad-head is directly at the top of the
heart which is directly in line with the shoulder crease (directly over the top of "elbow joint").